Brick kilns: A hidden industry
Donkeys, mules and horses work in traditional brick kilns - brick making factories - of India, Pakistan, Nepal and Afghanistan. It's notoriously a largely hidden industry, often unorganised and unregulated, where animals and humans endure the harshest working conditions with limited, if any, legal protection and rights.
The bulk of the donkeys, mules and horses’ work consists of transporting wet and dry bricks by cart or pack within the kilns and to external locations for use in the construction industry.
These animals carry many tonnes of bricks every day. They suffer from serious health and welfare issues caused by the environment in which they work, as well as by poor husbandry and management. Extreme temperatures, lack of shade, difficult terrain and overloading can cause disease and injuries. Wounds and lameness are common.
It really struck home what a tough environment it is here in the brick kilns for the animals and their owners, a stark contrast to the lives horses in the UK enjoy.
Equine working patterns in Kathmandu's brick kilns
In Pakistan, India, Nepal and Afghanistan Brooke teams offer advice on disease prevention and animal welfare. To bring about lasting change, we work closely with local service providers such as farriers, saddlers and cart makers which are often difficult for communities to access.
“It really struck home what a tough environment it is here in the brick kilns for the animals and their owners, a stark contrast to the lives horses in the UK enjoy,” says Brooke Ambassador Major Richard Waygood MBE. “The people however, have a huge amount of pride in their animals – this can clearly be seen by the way they have welcomed Brooke into their communities and are embracing the advice given.”
At a glance
On 23 January Brooke launched Brick Kiln Week, an online campaign to raise awareness of the dangers of South Asia’s brick kilns on working equines, people and the environment.
A new report highlights the challenges of South Asia’s brick making industry by looking at human labour, working animal welfare, and the environment together.