Brooke has been working in partnership with Animal Health Training and Consultancy Service (AHTCS) since 2007 to help improve the working conditions and welfare of horses and donkeys in Nepal’s poorest communities.

Horses working in Bhagiya Brick Kiln in Nepal

Nepal at a glance

Population: 28.1 million (2018)
Percentage of population living below the international poverty line: 25% (2010)
Number of working equines: 100,000

Sources: World Bank 2010, 2018


Nepal is one of the world's poorest countries, where working horses and donkeys play an important role in supporting the livelihoods of many of its communities.

In the hilly districts of Nepal equines are used for riding and for transporting goods by pack, while in the plain districts they transport people by cart. Equines are also used in brick kilns to carry heavy loads of bricks over long distances.

The main issues faced by equines in Nepal are wounds, lameness, colic, injuries, diseases and a lack of access to appropriate feed, water, shelter and vaccinations. The welfare status of the animals is poor in all areas, but is worst in the brick kilns of Kathmandu Valley. 

How Brooke is working in Nepal

In 2007, we started working in Nepal in partnership with the organisation Animal Health Training and Consultancy Service (AHTCS).

AHTCS is currently:

  • Working with local animal health practitioners such as vets, farriers and saddle-makers to improve the availability and quality of their services
  • Working with equine owners and users to improve their equine husbandry, disease prevention and handling practices
  • Helping to improve working conditions and animal welfare facilities in brick kilns
  • Raising the profile of equine welfare in government policy and legal frameworks.

Brooke is supporting AHTCS with its work in brick kilns, rice mills and milk chilling centres to improve the welfare status of 6,584 equines by March 2021. 

Working in brick kilns

Since 2012 AHTCS has worked in the brick kilns of Kathmandu, focusing on the horses, donkeys and mules who carry heavy loads of bricks over long distances. AHTCS aims to improve the working conditions and animal welfare facilities in the kilns through working with brick kiln associations, brick kiln owners and with equine owners and handlers, as well as stakeholders such as Brick Clean Network and Animal Welfare Network Nepal. 

In 2018-21 their work will support a greater regional initiative of Brooke’s to tackle issues in brick kilns in collaboration with other animal, environmental and humanitarian agencies. 

Working with owner groups

Currently AHTCS is working in 17 districts across Nepal, supporting the formation of equine owner groups and teaching more members skills such as basic first aid, equine handling and equine care. They work with these owner groups to support them in developing savings and credit funds which provide loans for members to pay for equine related expenses.

Advocacy work

AHTCS has celebrated a number of successes as a result of their advocacy work over the past year. 

In August 2018, the Supreme Court of Nepal issued an interim order to adopt safe and humane transportation of farm animals for commercial purpose as provisioned in the Animal Transportation Standard. They also issued a revision to the Nation General Code (Munuki Ain) that aims to prevent inhumane behaviour and punish captivity and cruelty towards animals.

The 10th General Assembly of the Federation of Nepal Brick Industries made the decision to adopt Animal Welfare Directives in the brick kilns of Nepal. This is a major new milestone for AHTCS who have been advocating for these standards for a long time. This step symbolises a great opportunity to establish good working environments for equines and advocate for their welfare in the brick kilns of Nepal.

Equine and owner working Bhaktapur brick kiln

Support us in reaching more working horses, mules and donkeys 

related news

Brooke's partner in Nepal, AHTCS, has been given a Special Recognition Award for their work during the aftermath of the Nepal earthquake, almost exactly a year ago

In 2008, Brooke forged a partnership with the DCA Livestock Programs (DCA) to create lasting equine welfare improvements in equine owning communities of Afghanistan by strengthening the understanding of owners.

At 228,000, Guatemala has the highest number of equines in Central America. We have worked in country since 2006, through a partnership with Equinos Sanos para el Pueblo (ESAP)

We also work through a variety of smaller projects carried out in partnership through our Innovation Fund, a fund which exists to address persistent problems affecting working equids around the world in new and effective ways.


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