Starting from a single mobile clinic in Peshawar in 1991, Brooke has expanded to cover areas of extreme need in KPK, Punjab and Sindh province, reaching nearly 600,000 horses, donkeys and mules.

Pakistan at a glance

Pakistan flag

Population: 193 million
Percentage of people living below the poverty line: 22.3%
Number of working horses, donkeys and mules: 4.7 million
Number of partners: 1


There are over 4.7 million horses, donkeys and mules in Pakistan. These animals are involved in a variety of work from transporting people and goods, to working in brick kilns and agriculture. The main welfare issues include work-related injuries, overloading, firing, slit nostrils, lameness, worm infestation and colic.

Nearly a quarter of Pakistan's population live on less than a dollar a day (equivalent to £0.63), surviving either by farming or producing major exports such as textiles, rice, cotton and leather.

There are about 11,000 brick kilns across Pakistan, where between 750,000 and 900,000 people work alongside 115,000 animals to support their families. The brick kilns are tortuous environments of extreme temperatures, lack of shade, difficult terrain and overloading which can cause suffering for horses, donkeys and mules. Disease and injuries are common.

Four donkeys during a break at a brick kiln in Gujarnwala, Pakistan. Credit/Copyright - Richard Dunwoody MBE

Four donkeys during a break at a brick kiln in Gujarnwala, Pakistan. Credit/Copyright - Richard Dunwoody MBE

Brooke Pakistan, an affiliate of Brooke with 240 employees, delivers veterinary and welfare services to working equines through a network of 32 Community Equine Welfare Teams (CEWT) and five Equine Welfare Centres (EWC) in 30 districts within the provines of KPK, Punjab and Sindh.

Our partner in Pakistan is the Sindh Rural Support Organization (SRSO).

Our impact from July to September 2015

Number of working horses, donkeys and mules we reach: 599,136

58,206 animals given veterinary treatment and vaccinations

369 animal admitted to equine welfare centres

64 local vets trained

64 monitoring and mentoring visits

34 farriers, saddlers and clippers trained

11,434 welfare resources (grooming kits, water buckets, eye fringes and straps) provided to equine owners/users

26 water troughs constructed

23 hand pumps installed

6 sheds/shelters constructed and 16 shed/shelters renovated

1,478 community awareness meetings

12 visits to schools

What's happening now

We work in over 250 brick kiln sites to alleviate suffering and bring about change. Coal mines are an equally tough environment for donkeys and their owners; hot, dusty and dangerous. Again, we're working with owners to bring about changes in attitudes and technical knowledge to improve welfare.

More information about brick kilns in Pakistan.

Donkeys entering a coal mine in Pakistan

Donkeys entering a coal mine in Pakistan.

Community engagement

We deliver veterinary and welfare services, but welfare problems cannot be improved through veterinary services alone. A flexible, community-based approach informed by a detailed understanding of how economic and social issues affect animal welfare in local communities, is also required.

We run Participatory Interactive Demonstrative Sessions (PIDS) with owners and users, which address issues affecting equine welfare.

Find out more about Community engagement.


Brooke Pakistan aims to influence civil society, government and non-government organisations, raising a voice for equine welfare and lobbying for their inclusion in policy. Examples include:

  • establishing civil-society led regional forums that foster the cause of working equine welfare in Pakistan through media
  • disseminating evidence, such as the Voices from Women report, at all forums (both governmental and other organisations) on the links between working equines and human development
  • working directly with government livestock departments through hosted Brooke teams to ensure the inclusion of equines in their livestock welfare programs and initiatives
  • adding topics on equine diseases and management in the training curriculum through the Animal Husbandry In-service Training Institute.

Find out more about our advocacy and policy work.

Service provision

Brooke Pakistan has reached nearly 600,000 working horses, donkeys and mules in more than 300 of the poorest communities in Pakistan and trained hundreds of vets, local service providers and Community Based Animal Health Workers (CBAHW).

Brooke Pakistan trains and builds the capacity of local service providers such as farriers, saddlers and cart makers. We also educate government and private vets and train local people to become CBAHWs, lady livestock workers and community livestock extension workers.

With your help we can reache even more working horses, donkeys and mules in Pakistan


Brooke Pakistan conducts research to address animal welfare issues and uses welfare assessment and research findings to design new projects.

Brooke was involved in research on lameness in working donkeys in Pakistan. Lameness is prevalent in working donkeys and has major welfare implications. A study was undertaken which looked at lameness in 102 working draught donkeys.

Brooke Pakistan conducted field research to document the role of working equids in women's lives. This study was presented as a poster at the 2014 International Colloquium on Working Equids.

Read more about our work in Pakistan

Vets from the Brooke's mobile clinics show brick kiln workers the dangers of overloading, lack of water and infrequent rest.

Brooke has uncovered the plight of thousands of donkeys working in coal mines in the Chakwal District of Pakistan.

When Mohammed brought Jani to the Brooke Clinic in Lahore, she was exhausted from overwork.

In Karachi, a grant from the Alborada Trust has helped over 6,000 working equines through our dual approach: training equine owners and improving local equine veterinary services.

In Hyderabad, funding from the Alborada Trust helped start a programme to improve the lives of nearly 18,000 horses, donkeys and mules by training equine owning families in animal husbandry skills.

Brooke partnerships

We operate in partnership with a variety of organisations to extend the range and impact of our work.